ANATOLIA DURING THE TIME OF THE OLD TESTAMENT
Some of the names of the places mentioned in the Bible are in Turkey. According to the Old Testament, Noah’s children, the Animals he saved in the ark began the repopulation of the Earth from Mt. Ararat in the east of Turkey. Abraham’s call to greatness came in Haran in southeast of Turkey. This city was called Ur of the Chaldeans. Archaeologists have found that the Hittites, Urartians, Phrygians, Assyrians, Cimmerians, Lydians and other civilizations who were important to the Old Testament once lived in Turkey. The people of the Bible left records of their activities in Anatolia that span the ages from Noah to St. Paul. Here in Anatolia rise the two rivers that bounded Eden. Lake Hazar south of Elazig in the Taurus mountain range is the source of the Tigris. The Euphrates fed by the snow and rain of the mountains in eastern Turkey.
ANATOLIA DURING THE TIME OF THE NEW TESTAMENT
Up until the unification of the major part of Asia Minor under the Roman Empire, its history had been one of a succession of small states. Roman control began in 190 B.C. When the Seleucid ruler Antiochus the Great was defeated at Magnesia, and spread in 133 B.C when the first Roman province of Asia was organized in the region near Ephesus. Bithynia, Pontus and Cilicia came under Roman rule. Shortly before the Christian era, Galatia and Cappadocia fell under Roman influence. It was in Antioch; today’s Antakya in southern Turkey that the disciples were first called “Christians” (Acts 11:26). The period of the early development of Christianity was one of peace and stability but after the re–organization of the Roman Empire by the king Diocletian in 297 A.D, the area was again split into small political units. Christianity provided a common language and religion.
THE SEVEN CHURCHES IN THE BOOK OF REVELATION
1. Ephesus: Revelation 1:11, 2:1-7; Acts 18, 19-28; 19:1-41
2. Smyrna (Izmir): Revelation 2:8-11
3. Pergamon: Revelation 2:12-17
4. Thyatira: Revelation 2:18-29; Acts16:14
5. Sardis: Revelation 3:1-6
6. Philadelphia: Revelation 3:7-13
7. Laodicea: Revelation 3:14-22; Colossians 2:1, 4:13 -16
THE SEVEN CHURCHES OF ASIA MINOR
“I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the island that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ. I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet. Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, what you see, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamum, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea. And I turned to see the voice that spoke with me. And being turned, I saw seven golden candlesticks.” The Revelation 1:9-12Anatolia (Asia Minor) has been the center of Christianity ever since St. Paul, St. Peter, St. John, St. Barnabas and their companions John Mark, Silas, Luke came here to preach the Gospel of the teachings of Jesus Christ. This trip will allow you full insight into the achievements of these early Christian missionaries and the Seven Churches of The Revelation.
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